Support Brigs

The Brigantines

Toronto Brigantine Inc. operates two brigantines, the sail-training vessels Pathfinder and Playfair. They were both designed and built as sail training vessels for TBI by Francis A. McLachlan in Kingston, Ontario, Canada. Pathfinder and Playfair were launched in 1963 and 1974 respectively, TS Playfair being christened by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.

Each vessel caries a complement of 28 people, 18 of which are Trainees that may never have set foot on a boat before. The Trainees are divided into 3 watches of 6, and there is a Petty Officer assigned to each watch. The Wardroom consists of 6 Officers where one Watch Officer is in command of one watch, there is a full time Cook, and a Bosun who is responsible for maintenance and repairs while at sea. The Executive Officer co-ordinates the daily operation of the brigantine and reports directly to the Captain. Aside from Captain, the entire ship’s complement is between 13 and 18 years of age.

A brigantine is a two-masted square-rigged sailing vessel with fore-and-aft rigged sails on the mainmast. This is distinct from a brig that has square sails on both masts. The name comes from the Italian word brigantino meaning a pirate ship and was associated with the vessels favoured by them in the Mediterranean. The term has been applied to a variety of types of vessels through centuries and now means a two-masted square-rigged sailing vessel with fore-and-aft rigged sails on the mainmast. This is distinct from a brig that has square sails on both masts.

STV Pathfinder

The following specifications are for the Sail Training Vessel Pathfinder built for Toronto Brigantine Inc. as a sail training vessel.

Specification Value

Year Built

1963

Designer

Francis A. MacLachlan

Location Built

Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Builder

Kingston Shipyards

Hull

Welded steel, 1/4″ hull plating, 1/2″ keel plating, frames every 2′

Length Sparred

22m (72′)

Length Overall

18.23m (59.8′)

Length Waterline

14m (45′)

Beam

4.5m (15′)

Freeboard

0.8m (2.6′)

Draft

2.5m (8′)

Registered Tonnage

31.63 tons

Displacement

47 tons

Ballast

12 tons

Foremast Height

16m (52′)

Mainmast Height

17.4m (57′)

Sail Area

Over 250m2 (2,600 sq. ft.)

Sails

(Sails in bold are standard press)

JiptopJib, Foresail, ForecourseForetopsail, Lower Studding Sails, Upper Studding Sails, Fisherman Staysail, Main StaysailMainsail, Main Gaff Topsail

Hull Speed

8.2 knots (15.3 km/hr or 9.4 mi/hr)

Cruising Speed

(under sail)

4-8 knots (7.5-14.9 km/hr or 4.6-9.2 mi/hr)

Cruising Speed

(under power)

7 knots (13.1 km/hr or 8.1 mi/hr)

Water Tank

854 litre (226 US Gallons)

Waste Tank

900 litres (238 US Gallons)

Fuel Tank

2380 Litres (629 US Gallons)

Engine

Volvo TAMD41-H

Engine Power

110 kW (150 hp) at 3000 rpm

Complement

Total 28:

1 Captain

1 First Mate

3 Watch Officers

1 Bosun

1 Cook

3 Petty Officers

18 Trainees

STV Playfair

The following specifications are for the Sail Training Vessel Playfair built for Toronto Brigantine Inc. as a sail training vessel. She was commissioned by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in 1973, and remains the only Canadian ship to be commissioned by a reigning monarch.

Specification Value

Year Built

1973

Designer

Francis A. MacLachlan

Location Built

Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Builder

Canada Dredge and Dock Co.

Hull

Welded steel, 1/4″ hull plating, 1/2″ keel plating, frames every 2′

Length Sparred

22m (72′)

Length Overall

18.23m (59.8′)

Length Waterline

14m (45′)

Beam

4.5m (15′)

Freeboard

0.8m (2.6′)

Draft

2.5m (8′)

Registered Tonnage

32.98 tons

Displacement

47 tons

Ballast

10 tons

Foremast Height

16m (52′)

Mainmast Height

167.4m (57′)

Sail Area

Over 250m2 (2,600 sq. ft.)

Sails

(Sails in bold are standard press)

Jiptop, Jib, Foresail, Forecourse, Foretopsail, Lower Studding Sails, Upper Studding Sails, Fisherman Staysail, Main Staysail, Mainsail, Main Gaff Topsail

Hull Speed

8.2 knots (15.3 km/hr or 9.4 mi/hr)

Cruising Speed

(under sail)

4-8 knots (7.5-14.9 km/hr or 4.6-9.2 mi/hr)

Cruising Speed

(under power)

7 knots (13.1 km/hr or 8.1 mi/hr)

Water Tank

862 litre (228 US Gallons)

Waste Tank

1090 litre (288US Gallons)

Fuel Tank

2380 Litres (629 US Gallons)

Engine

Detroit Diesel 3-71

Engine Power

81 kW (110 hp) at 1800 rpm

Complement

Total 28:

1 Captain

1 First Mate

3 Watch Officers

1 Bosun

1 Cook

3 Petty Officers

18 Trainees